Ghana The Decade Before & 2020



A decade means ten years. A lot happens in 10 years and yet in some cases, it seems nothing at all happens. So how different has Ghana been since 2010? How different has your business or career been since 2010? How different have you been since 2010? In 2010, Ghana had real GDP growth of 7.9%, a budget deficit of 9.7% of GDP with inflation at 8.6%. 84.1% of Ghanaians were literate and 11% had education up to the senior high school level. 12.4% lived in mud houses and 9.3% had no access to toilet facilities. 83.8% of Ghanaians had access to electricity, 72.1% were effectively self-employed or under-employed. 12.4% of Ghanaians owned a desktop computer or laptop, but 63.4% had mobile phones. Anyway, at the 2010 World Cup in South Africa, Ghana almost made it to the semi-finals bar the almost certain conspiracy between Luiz Suarez and a certain Asamoah Gyan. The more things change, the more they remain the same. We don’t have all the statistics for the corresponding indicators for Ghana going into 2010 yet; but anecdotal evidence is enough to suggest we will be recording very eerily similar outturns as the figures above. The biggest change Ghana can attest to will probably be in the area of mobile telephony and the boom in mobile money services and data usage. In 1995, Ghana’s then President Jerry John Rawlings presented to parliament a document titled ‘Vision 2020. The First Step 1996-2000’. It was a programme for economic transformation and social development. It was 95 pages long and targeted accelerated growth for decades, a standard of living comparable to Singapore, a focus on science and technology, and reduction in our dependence on agriculture for growth. It is as if we thought 2020 will never come. So what will we be doing for the next 10 years? Come 2030 will we still be talking about ‘Ghana Beyond Aid’, Modernizing agriculture and Industrial Development? Or will we be able to say we have built an economy comparable to any country in the world (no excuses please); and transformed the informal economy into a rampaging giant that terrorizes multinational consumer goods companies and acts as the catalyst for the Industrial Development we seek. Next year is an election year in Ghana but it will be a meaningless exercise if it does not address the issues that will confront us in the next decade. If we are going to be placated with fantastic promises, hurriedly arranged policies and programs amid short term executions; then they could just go ahead and vote for themselves and rule for all we care. The rest of Ghanaians should stick to the day job and see what we can build on our own. But I am surely not a pessimist. Neither should you be. It takes two to tango and I am of the firm belief that every Ghanaian will put in a hard shift in the next decade. We will build our businesses, with integrity and work hard in every career and role we find ourselves. Our President admonishes us to be citizens. In the next decade, we have to be more than that. Let us be RESPONSIBLE CITIZENS; if we can.


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